a-popular-american-history-textbook-argued-that-communist-form-of-government

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5.01 Red Scare and Immigration Questions

Communism v. Democracy

1. A popular American history textbook argued that communist
form of government in the Soviet Union meant the following:

·
The government owned all land and property

·
A single political party controlled the
government

·
Individuals had no rights the government was
bound to respect

·
The Soviet government promised to spread
communism throughout the globe

Many Americans living in the 1920s believed these ideas. Why
do you think Americans were afraid of the Soviet communist government?

Labor Strikes

2. The post-war period witnessed several labor strikes
throughout the United States. Why did middle class Americans and wealthy
industrialists have a different perspective on labor issues and strikes than
the laborers?

The two political cartoons pictured on the following page
were created in the wake of World War I. They each portray similar themes and
reflect the turmoil that existed in the nation during the period. Choose one of
the cartoonsand answer the following questions:

3. Who was the author?

4. When was it published?

5. What is the author’s perspective of the post-World War I
world? How was it portrayed in the cartoon?

6. Does this cartoon support or challenge what you already
know about the labor strikes? Explain.

A popular American history textbook argued that communist form of government.jpg” alt=”File:Coming out of the smoke.jpg”>

Image 1 Kirby,
“Coming out of the Smoke” (October 10, 1919)

A popular American history textbook argued that communist form of government.jpg” alt=”File:Step by step greene.jpg”>

Image 2 Greene,
“Step by Step” (November 1, 1919)

Constitutional Rights

Read Section 3 of the Sedition Act below and answer the
questions that follow.

Whoever, when the United Sates is at war, shall willfully make or
convey false reports or false statements with intent to interfere with the
operation or success of the military or naval forces of the United States or to
promote the success of its enemies…or incite insubordination, disloyalty,
mutiny, or refusal of duty, in the military or naval forces of the United
States, or shall willfully obstruct…the recruiting or enlistment service of the
United States, or…shall willfully utter, print, write, or publish any disloyal,
profane, scurrilous, or abusive language about the form of government of the
United States, or the Constitution of the United States, or the military or
naval forces of the United States…or shall willfully display the flag of any foreign
enemy, or shall willfully…urge, incite, or advocate any curtailment of
production…or advocate, teach, defend, or suggest the doing of any of the acts
or things in this section enumerated and whoever shall by word or act support
or favor the cause of any country with which the United States is at war or by
word or act oppose the cause of the United States therein, shall be punished by
a fine of not more than $10,000 or imprisonment for not more than twenty years,
or both.

7. In your own words, list three particular activities made
illegal by Section 3 of the Sedition Act.

8. In general terms, what do all the crimes listed within
the Sedition Act have in common?

9. Is it possible to engage in any of the activities listed
above and not be considered a traitor to the United States? Explain using at
least 2 sentences.

Read the 1st Amendment to the Constitution below.

Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion, or
prohibiting the free exercise thereof; or abridging the freedom of speech, or
of the press; or the right of the people peaceably to assemble, and to petition
the government for a redress of grievances.

10. Write a 3 sentence summary explaining how the Sedition
Act and First Amendment were in conflict with one another.

11. Even though there were certainly Americans during the 1920s
that knew of this conflict, most did not speak up. Why do you think they
refused to speak up? Explain. Would you?

12. In your opinion, when, if ever, does the government have
the right to suppress free speech and nullify (declare invalid) the First
Amendment? Explain using at least 3 sentences.

Immigration

The cartoon pictured below was published during the Red
Scare of 1919-1920. Examine the cartoon and complete the questions below.

A popular American history textbook argued that communist form of government.jpg” alt=”http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/7/7c/Close_the_gate_-_First_Red_Scare_political_cartoon.jpg”>

13. Who created this cartoon?Where was it published?

14. What opinion is the author trying to show about
immigration?

15. Does this cartoon support or challenge what you knew
about the immigration in the 1920s? Explain using at least 2 sentences.

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5.02 Scopes Trial

Directions: Use the
primary source material provided within the lesson to complete the chart below.
See link below to complete the chart. Scopes Trial Primary Source Material
(documents are on pages 3-5 of the pdf)

.stanford.edu/upload/Lessons/Unit%209_WWI%20and%20the%201920s/Scopes%20Trial%20Lesson%20Plan.pdf”>http://sheg.stanford.edu/upload/Lessons/Unit%209_WWI%20and%20the%201920s/Scopes%20Trial%20Lesson%20Plan.pdf

Who supported the Butler Act?

Who opposed the Butler Act?

·
State of Tennessee

·
Fundamentalists

·
William Jennings Bryan (defended the state of
TN during the trial)

·
John Scopes

·
American Civil Liberties Union (ACLU)

·
Clarence Darrow (defended Scopes during the
trial)

Select one of the 5 sources
that support the Butler Act.

Author and/or Source:

According to this source, what
are the main reasons people supported the Butler Act?

Quote from this source that
supports the Butler Act:

Select one of the 5 sources
that oppose the Butler Act.

Author and/or Source:

According to this source, what
are the main reasons people opposed the Butler Act?

Quote from this source that
opposes the Butler Act:

Select a second of the 5
sources that support the Butler Act.

Author and/or Source:

According to this source, what
are the main reasons people supported the Butler Act?

Quote from this source that
supports the Butler Act:

Select one of the 5 sources
that oppose the Butler Act.

Author and/or Source:

According to this source, what
are the main reasons people opposed the Butler Act?

Quote from this source that
opposes the Butler Act:

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5.04 Harlem Renaissance

Directions: Below are 3 charts that
ask for information. Complete all 3 charts.

The Great Migration

What was it?

Why did it take place?

Where did African-Americans settle?

What was the overall effect of the
Great Migration?

The Harlem Renaissance (HR)

What was it?

Why did it take place in Harlem?

What is meant by the term “New Negro”?

Examples of HR Theater:

Examples of HR Literature:

What did HR Literature allow?

Examples of HR Music:

How would you describe the style of
Langston Hughes?

What was the overall effect of the
Harlem Renaissance?

Why did it end in the 1930s?

Jazz

What is it?

Where did it originate?

Where was it played?

Name 3 well-known jazz musicians:

Who supported the jazz movement? In
what ways?

What was the overall effect of jazz?

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