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21. Which standard solely considers whether the
accused is able to distinguish right from wrong?

a.

The Durham
rule

b.

The substantial
capacity test

c.

The M’Naghten
rule

d.

The irresistible
impulse test

22. Under common law, there was a conclusive
presumption of incapacity for a child under ____ years of age.

a.

7

b.

10

c.

14

d.

18

23. Crime
is generally grouped into three basic categories, they are;

a. Felonies, misdemeanors, and violations

b. Mala Prohibitum crimes, felonies, and violations

c. Violations, ordinances, and felonies

d. Misdemeanors, violations, and Ordinances

24. Which legal standard of mental illness is
used by present federal law?

a.

“Didn’t know
what he was doing or didn’t know it was wrong.”

b.

“Could not
control his conduct.”

c.

“Lacks
substantial capacity to appreciate the wrongfulness of his conduct or to
control it.”

d.

“Lacks
capacity to appreciate the wrongfulness of his conduct.”

25. Which of the following is true regarding the
“stand your ground” justification defense?

a.

Most self-defense
statutes require a duty to retreat before reacting to a threat with physical
violence.

b.

The “castle
exception” does not require an obligation to retreat within an
individual’s residence before fighting back.

c.

“Stand your
ground” laws allow average citizens to use deadly force when they
reasonably believe that their homes or vehicles have been illegally invaded.

d.

All of the above
are true regarding the “stand your ground” justification defense.

26. The
exclusionary rule is used as part of which protection afforded to the accused
by the US Constitution?

a. 2nd Amendment

b. 1st. Amendment

c. 4th Amendment

d. 8th Amendment

27. What element must be present in order for
the excuse of necessity to be valid?

a.

The victim
consented.

b.

No means of
escape were available.

c.

The harm to be
avoided was greater than the offense charged.

d.

The offense was
based on a presumptive conclusion of mens rea.

28. A bank employee is forced to divert funds
into a special account and failure to cooperate will result in the execution of
his family. Which defense would be most applicable to this situation?

a.

Duress

b.

Entrapment

c.

Necessity

d.

Consent

29. After
formal legal codes were lost during the dark ages a legal system featuring
monetary compensation called ____________ was developed for criminal
violations.

a. Stare Decisis

b. Lex Talionis

c.Wergild

d. Friedengild

30. Which constitutional amendment outlaws
illegal searches and seizures by police?

a.

First

b.

Fourth

c.

Fifth

d.

Eighth

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