as-a-result-of-an-increase-in-violent-behavior-during-the-19th-century-in-america-6

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.1em;”>Chapter 1


MULTIPLE CHOICE

1. As a result of
an increase in violent behavior during the 19th Century in America, early
Criminal Justice agencies:

a. Rarely worked together in a systematic fashion

b. Worked together to create a seamless process of arrest
and punishment

c. Appointed President Lyndon Johnson to the Wickersham
Commission

d. Were primarily created in Washington D.C and Virginia

2. Which
of the following statements is true?

a.

From 1900 to 1935, the U.S.
experienced a sustained increase in criminal activity.

b.

Organized gangs flourished in
the largest cities of the U.S. in the early 1900s.

c.

The first criminal gangs formed
before the Civil War in urban slums.

d.

All of the above statements are
true.

3. What
commission, appointed by President Herbert Hoover, made a detailed analysis of
the U.S. justice system and helped usher in the era of treatment and
rehabilitation?

a.

Chicago Crime Commission

b.

American Bar Foundation
Commission

c.

Wickersham Commission

d.

President’s Commission on Law
Enforcement and Administration of Justice

4. The use of the term “criminal justice system”
reflected a view that justice agencies could be connected in an intricate yet
often unobserved network of decision-making processes. When was the term “criminal justice
system” first used?

a.

After the findings of the
Chicago Crime Commission

b.

After the findings of the
American Bar Foundation project

c.

After the findings of the
Wickersham Commission

d.

After the findings of the President’s
Commission on Law Enforcement and Administration of Justice

5. In the 1950s, the American Bar Foundation project discovered
that:

a.

Most citizens were fearful of
the police.

b.

Racial profiling was a serious
problem.

c.

Most crime was not reported to
the police.

d.

The justice system kept many
procedures hidden from the public.

6. The contemporary criminal justice system
can be divided into three main components:

a.

Law enforcement, the courts,
and the legislature.

b.

The courts, the correctional
system, and the legislature.

c.

Law enforcement, the courts,
and the correctional system.

d.

Law enforcement, the
correctional system, and the legislature.

7. The corrections system is vast and costs
federal, state, and local governments:

a.

About $70 billion per year.

b.

About $115 billion per year.

c.

About $165 billion per year.

d.

About $215 billion per year.

8. The exercise
of power is granted to those who control the criminal justice system. In
policing they are given the power to;

a.
charge

b.
punish

c. use
force, when necessary

d. sentence

9. What is known about the correctional
population in the United States over the past decade?

a.

The correctional population has
been consistently decreasing with 7 million people currently under the
control of the correctional system.

b.

The correctional population has
been consistently increasing with 7 million people currently under the
control of the correctional system.

c.

The correctional population has
fluctuated widely over the years with 7 million people currently under the
control of the correctional system.

d.

The correctional population has
remained steadily constant with 7 million people currently under the control
of the correctional system.

10. Criminal justice can be viewed as a process
that takes an offender through a series of decision points, beginning with
arrest and concluding with reentry. Which of the following is an extralegal
factor that critics argue may be involved in this process?

a.

Offender’s race

b.

Offender’s prior record

c.

Seriousness of offense

d.

Available evidence

More to explorer

English, Literature & Philology

One of the central concerns with regard to the structuring of this class has been to demonstrate the ways in which histories

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