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19. Most of the laws guiding human resource
management are based on the individualism approach.

20. Individuals, at the
preconvention level, are concerned with external rewards and punishments and
obey authority to avoid detrimental personal consequences.

21. At the principled level, individuals are
concerned with external rewards and punishments.

22. The concept that individuals should be
compensated for the cost of their injuries by the party responsible, and also
that individuals should not be held responsible for matters over which they
have no control, is considered procedural justice.

23. An individual at the postconventional
level lives up to expectations of others, fulfills duties and obligations of
social systems, and upholds law.

24. Principled level of moral development is
also referred to as the postconventional level.

25. The majority of managers operate at the
preconventional level of personal moral development.

26. According to your text, approximately 20%
of American adults ever reach the postconventional level of moral development.

27. The great majority of managers operate at
level two, the conventional level.

28. Women’s sense of integrity seems to be
entwined with an ethic of care; hence, they may be ideally suited for the
servant leadership needed in today’s organizations.

29. The only aspect of an organization that
influences ethics is culture.

30. Social responsibility is management’s
obligation to make choices and take actions that will contribute to the welfare
and interests of society as well as the organization.

31. A stakeholder is any group within or
outside the organization that has a stake in the organization’s performance.

32. All stockholders of an organization are
its stakeholders but not all stakeholders are its stockholders.

33. Special interest groups include trade
associations, political action committees and consumerists.

34. Important
stakeholders in corporations include the government and the community.

35. When Earth Day was first celebrated in
1980, environmentalists were considered by most business leaders to be an
extremist fringe group.

36. Economic, legal, ethical, and
discretionary responsibilities are the four areas of social responsibility can
evaluate corporate social performance.

37. Ethical behavior occurs when decisions
enable an individual or company to gain at the expense of society.

38. A formal statement of the organization’s
values regarding moral principles and governing its response to social values
is called a code of ethics.

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Title: chapter-5-ethics-and-social-responsibility-14

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