kaplan-hu245-all-quiz

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Unit 1

1. Question : Ethics is the study of __________________.

 

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Question 2. Question : Goodness is _____________________.

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Question 3. Question : A cat toys with a live mouse throwing it the air and dragging it along by its tail. After 1 hour, the cat leaves the mouse to die on the floor. This would be considered ____________ behavior.

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Question 4. Question : “Human beings should always act in the interests of others.” This statement is considered to be ____________.

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Points Received: 1 of 1

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Question 5. Question : Who said that morality was bound up with the function of a human being?

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Question 6. Question : The most important moral issues arise for most ethicists when human beings come together in ___________.

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matrimony (Though marriage is important; ethicists do not consider this the main area of importance.)

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Question 7. Question : If human beings are the source of value, then morality is ____________.

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Question 8. Question : In general, philosophers demand that beliefs, propositions, and ideas be examined ______________________.

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Question 9. Question : Moral conflicts can be resolved through ____________.

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Question 10. Question : Why should humans be moral?

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Unit 2

1.

Question :

Consequentialists believe that the central part of moral action is the ____________.

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Question 2.

Question :

If you are a psychological egoist, you believe ____________________.

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1 of 1

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Question 3.

Question :

One of the main difficulties of consequentialist theories is that ____________________.

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1 of 1

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Question 4.

Question :

What is an important difference between utilitarianism and ethical egoism?

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1 of 1

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Question 5.

Question :

Which of the following is a well-known ethical egoist?

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1 of 1

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Question 6.

Question :

Who believes that reasoning in moral matters is usually used to confirm our more direct sense of right and wrong?

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1 of 1

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Question 7.

Question :

Which of the following are examples of non-consequentialist ethical theories?

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1 of 1

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Question 8.

Question :

What is a presumed strength of divine command theory?

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1 of 1

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Question 9.

Question :

According to Kant, the only thing that is good without qualification is ________.

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1 of 1

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Unit3

1. Question : Virtue ethics was most famously formulated in ancient Greece by __________.

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Question 2. Question : Who is the most significant modern proponent of virtue ethics?

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Question 3. Question : For Aristotle, the extreme ends of excess and deficiency are ________.

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Question 4. Question : The excess and deficiency relative to the virtue courage are ________________.

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Question 5. Question : Paternalism in medicine is best captured in the phrase _______________________.

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Question 6. Question : The assumption behind informed consent is that _____________________________.

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Question 7. Question : The main moral argument against the use of human beings in experiments is that _________.

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Question 8. Question : How will the use of adult stem cells resolve some of the moral issues involved in human embryonic stem cell research?

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Question 9. Question : Informed consent refers to a formalized procedure whereby patients consent to treatment usually in writing.

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Unit 4

1. Question : Direct action to terminate a patient’s life requested by the patient is called _______________.

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Question 2. Question : Technology has created problems with the medical definition of death. This is known as __________.

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Question 3. Question : Most arguments for allowing someone to die are based on the principle of _________.

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Question 4. Question : Which US state was the first to have a law allowing assisted suicide?

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Question 5. Question : One of the strongest arguments against mercy death is _________.

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Question 6. Question : The approach to dying that emphasizes comfort and care is known as __________.

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Question 7. Question : Euthanasia comes from the Greek and means “a bad death.”

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Question 8. Question : There is no law prohibiting euthanasia in the US.

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Question 9. Question : Health care professionals sometimes receive requests from patients for assisted suicide.

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Question 10. Question : Hospice care is available only to those with advanced directives.

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Unit 5

1. Question : One good argument that attempts to justify killing in defense of the innocent says that _________________________________________________.

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Question 2. Question : The eye for an eye view of capital punishment is known as the revenge argument.

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Question 3. Question : The most morally significant argument for war is ______________.

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Question 4. Question : In the Platonic dialogue __________, Socrates famously discussed the decision to drink the poison hemlock.

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Question 5. Question : Capital punishment can be justified as a deterrent is a view held by ________________.

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Question 6. Question : The main argument against the morality of capital punishment is that __________________.

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Question 7. Question : The main argument against war is that it is a massive violation of the principle of _________.

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Question 8. Question : Terrorism can be defined as ________________________________________.

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Question 9. Question : Suicide is a selfish act that doesn’t adequately take into account the interests of the grief- stricken family and friends who are left behind. This reasoning forms the basis of which argument against the morality of suicide?

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Question 10. Question : Killing to defend the innocent is accepted by all moral systems.

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UNit 6

 

1. Question : Business ethics does not need ethical theory.

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Question 2. Question : Prejudice literally means “prejudgment” before having any experience of that which one judges.

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Question 3. Question : The moral approach to advertising is the ____________ approach.

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Question 4. Question : The basis for arguments against sexual harassment is that _________________________.

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Question 5. Question : What does the Enron episode show?

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Question 6. Question : Business ethics does not need philosophical theories.

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Question 7. Question : Laissez-faire literally means________.

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Question 8. Question : If someone was taught by his parents that athletes are less intelligent than non-athletes, and continues to hold this belief when he reaches adulthood, his behavior is an example of ________________.

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Question 9. Question : According to the federal law, sexual harassment can only occur in the workplace.

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Question 10. Question : Sexual harassment always involves a superior harassing a subordinate.

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Unit 7

1. Question : Lies of commission involve leaving out vital information.

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Question 2. Question : Kant would argue that we cannot universalize stealing, cheating, lying, and breaking promises.

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Question 3. Question : What philosopher believed that lying and cheating were always wrong?

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Question 4. Question : “I know lying is bad, but I just felt like it.” Who might say such a thing?

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Question 5. Question : A major argument in favor of lying is ________________________.

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Question 6. Question : People ought to cheat because the world is dog eat dog. This is an example of __________.

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Question 7. Question : Breaking a promise is acceptable to me on those occasions when I stand to benefit. This is a(n) __________ argument.

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Question 8. Question : The moderate position on lying entails ___________________________.

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Question 9. Question : Kant would say that breaking a promise is never justified.

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Question 10. Question : Stealing is acceptable on some consequentialist arguments.

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Unit 8

1. Question : Someone who has an anthropocentric view doesn’t care about animals.

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Question 2. Question : If someone adopts sentientism, which of the following will that person eat?

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Question 3. Question : According to the views of animal rights activists opposed to animal experimentation, which of the following statements applies?

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Question 4. Question : Speciesism is the belief that all species are equal.

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Question 5. Question : Sentientism is the view that only beings with bodies should be the subject of moral concern.

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Question 6. Question : The main argument for hunting is that people like it.

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Question 7. Question : A vegan is someone who does not eat _________.

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Question 8. Question : Veal calves are raised in cruel and immoral ways.

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Question 9. Question : Choose which argument supports the protection of endangered species.

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Question 10. Question : The evolution argument supports the idea that human beings have dominion over nature.

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