questions-for-chapter-1-of-howard-zinns-the-twentieth-century

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Questions for Chapter 1 of
Howard Zinn’s The Twentieth Century.

1. A State Department list
of armed interventions between 1798 and 1895, lists

a. 25 sites, including
Europe and the Middle East

b. 50 locations, including
Europe and the Middle East

c. over 50 citations,
including Latin America and the Far East

d. over 100, including
Latin America, Japan, China and West Africa

2. Theodore Roosevelt
expressed sentiments that indicated he

a. thought all men were
equal

b. was contemptuous of
races he felt were inferior

c. supported complete
racial equality

d. disliked Italians

3. The catalyst (spark) for
the Spanish-American-Cuban war was

a. the invasion of Florida
by the Spanish

b. the invasion of Florida
by the Cubans

c. an explosion on the U.S.
battleship Maine causing the deaths of 268 men

d. the seizure of an
American battleship by the Spanish

4. On the matter of going
to war, the country

a. was united in its
pro-war sentiment

b. was deeply divided on
the virtues of expansionism

c. thought the whole country
would benefit by a victory over Spain

d. had no sympathy for the
Cuban rebels against the legitimate rule of the island by Spain

5. Immediately after the
war,

a. the Americans went in to
help the Cubans rebuild their economy

b. American businesses
began trading with Cuban owned businesses

c. American business
interests took over Cuban businesses and mineral resources

d. Congress passed
legislation to allow Cuban goods into the United States without tariffs

6. In 1901, Congress passed
legislation which gave it the right to intervene in Cuban affairs called

a. the Teller Amendment

b. the Platt Amendment

c. The Cuban Constitutional
Amendment

d. The Cuban-American Free
Trade Agreement

7. As a result of the
Spanish-American-Cuban War, the U.S. also occupied the Philippines

a. whose people welcomed
the American armies

b. but had to fight a
three-year war against rebel troops before subduing the islands

c. and installed a
democratic regime

d. whose people then
converted to Christianity

8. The last decade of the
nineteenth century was

a. a time of intense racism
in the United States

b. a period of quiet in
race relations in the United States

c. witnessed renewed hope
for black-white cooperation based on a common mission of expansion and economic
growth

d. saw a move towards
integration of society

9. Black troops fighting in
the Philippines

a. largely supported the
war effort

b. deserted in unusually
large numbers during the campaign

c. did not identify with
the Filipino rebels

d. wrote letters against
the war

10. Prominent members of
the Anti-Imperialist League were

a. Henry James, Elihu Root
and Mark Twain

b. William James, Elihu
Root and Mark Twain

c. William James, Mark
Twain and Andrew Carnegie

d. Henry Cabot Lodge, Mark
Twain and Andrew Carnegie

Questions for Chapter 2 of
Howard Zinn’s The Twentieth Century

1. Upton Sinclair’s book,
The Jungle, was about

a. a safari to Africa

b. the meatpacking industry
in Chicago

c. the railroad industry

d. cruelty to animals

2. Frederick W. Taylor was
best known for his

a. book on the “scientific
management” of work which led to the use of production lines in American
factories

b. book on the “scientific
management” of industry which encouraged the introduction of new developments
in science to produce better goods

c. book on the exploitation
of labor which led to laws regulating business abuse of workers

d. work in advocating for
the rights of immigrants

3. In March, 1911, almost
150 women were killed in a fire in the

a. International Ladies
Garment Factory

b. Triangle Shirtwaist
Company

c. Macy’s Department Store

d. docks of the port of New
York

4. The motto of the I.W.W.
( which stands for _____________) was

a. One Big Union –
International Workers of the World

b. Solidarity Forever –
Industrial World of Work

c. One Big Union –
Industrial Workers of the World

d. none of the above

5. The predominant ideology
of the IWW was

a. communism

b. socialism

c. capitalism

d. anarcho-syndicalism

6. Helen Keller who had
conquered blindness and deafness to become a spokesperson for the disabled
advocated the cause of

a. capitalism

b. socialism

c. anarchism

d. fascism

7. A militant activist and
intellectual of the Black movement of the last nineteenth and early twentieth
centuries was

a. Booker T. Washington

b. Martin Luther King

c. W.E.B. DuBois

d. Thurgood Marshall

8. According to Gabriel
Kolko

a. the Progressive Era
served capitalism more than it reformed it

b. the Progressive Era was
a conspiracy of socialists

c. the Progressive Era
hindered the development of capitalism in the United States

d. the Progressive Era
fundamentally changed the course of American capitalism

9. The “Ludlow Massacre” of
April 1914 was

a. a machine gun attack on
miners, including women and children, in Colorado during a coal strike

b. an Indian raid on
settlers in the West

c. battle in the first days
of World War I

d. an attack on textile
workers in Massachusetts during a strike supported by the IWW

10. At the same time as the
Ludlow Massacre, American warships attacked a coastal city in a. Cuba b.
Nicaragua c. Venezuela d. Mexico Questions for Chapter 3 of Howard Zinn, War is
the Health of the State 1. When Randolph Bourne said “War is the health of the
state,” he meant

a. that patriotism refreshed
people’s commitment to the country

b. that war diverted people
from opposing the state

c. that war kept enemies
from attacking and destroying the state

d. that peace was a
stagnant condition

2. The immediate cause of
America’s entry int

o World War I was

a. the sinking of the
Lusitania by the Germans

b. the explosion on the
Maine

c. the bombing of Pearl
Harbor

d. the attack of Britain by
the Germans

3. W.E.B. DuBois attributed
the cause of the First World War to the struggle over

a. Europe

b. the Ottoman Empire

c. Africa

d. Asia

4. In the first call to
arms, the American people

a. showed a reluctance to
join the armed forces

b. wholeheartedly supported
the war effort

c. join the armed forces in
record numbers

d. understood the
importance of going to war against Germany

5. The strength of
Socialism was shown by

a. the number of people who
voted socialist in the municipal elections of 1917

b. patriotism towards the
country and against the enemy, Germany

c. the call by Woodrow
Wilson to fight a war “for democracy”

d. the Supreme Court’s
rulings on the First Amendment

6. In the spirit of
academic freedom, prominent universities

a. encouraged dissent and
discussion about the war

b. opposed the firing or
disciplining of anti-war activists

c. insisted on maintaining
open dialogue

d. fired dissenters and
discouraged opposition to the war

7. Both before and after
the war, the United States government

a. protected the rights of
political groups

b. actively destroyed the
headquarters and files of left-wing groups

c. maintained democracy on
the homefront

d. refused to use the
courts against radicals

8. Particularly hard hit by
the government were the

a. socialists

b. communists

c. fascists

d. anarchists

9. During the First World
War, anti-war speeches were prosecuted under the

a. Espionage Act

b. the First Amendment to
the Constitution

c. the Thirteenth Amendment
to the Constitution

d. all of the above

10. In a famous Supreme
Court ruling, Oliver Wendell Holmes compared speaking out against the war to

a. aiding and abetting the
enemy

b. the activities of
Benedict Arnold

c. a justification for the
draft law d. shouting fire in a crowded theatre

Questions for Chapter 4 of
Howard Zinn

1. A general strike pits

a. striking workers against
the management of a specific business

b. striking workers against
the government

c. the management of a
specific business against the government

d. the management of all
businesses against the government

2. What made the general
strike in Seattle most threatening was

a. its close relationship
in time to the Russian Revolution

b. the support it received
from the international unions in the United States

c. the unity between the
IWW and the AFL

d. the rise in crime in the
city during the strike

3. In the 1920s, Congress
dealt with the immigration question by

a. decreasing the quotas of
Western European immigrants

b. increasing the quotas
for Eastern European immigrants

c. increasing the quotas
from Anglo-Saxon countries

d. severely limiting
Latins, Slavs and Jews

4. In terms of the much
heralded prosperity fo the 1920s

a. the general level of
wages increased for all Americans

b. it was concentrated at
the top of the social ladder

c. it affected farmers but
not workers

d. it reduced the number of
people living in tenements

5. After the war, the
political activity

a. of the Socialists was
strengthened

b. of the Anarchists was
strengthened

c. of the Communists was
strengthened

d. all of the above

6. The stock market crashed
in

a. 1919

b. 1929

c. 1939

d. 1949

7. A famous novel about
farmers who migrated from Oklahoma to California was

a. The Grapes of Wrath by
John Steinbeck

b. Seeds of Revolt by
Mauritz Hallgren

c. Brother Can You Spare A
Dime? by Yip Harburg

d. Sister Carrie by
Theodore Dreiser

8. The Bonus Army of 1932
was demanding

a. better working
conditions and increased wages for workers

b. payment to veterans of
government certificates from World War I

c. payment to veterans of
government certificates from World War II

d. year end bonuses for
members of the National Guard

9. Franklin Roosevelt tried
to stabilize the system in the first months of his first administration by
having Congress pass the

a. Agricultural Adjustment
Act (AAA) to organize failing agriculture

b. the Tennessee Valley Authority
(TVA) to control floods and produce electric power

c. the National Recovery
Act (NRA) to fix prices and wages

d. the Federal Deposit
Insurance Corporation (FDIC) to insure savings against bank failures

10. The great organizing
drives of labor in the 1930s were the CIO’s work

a. in the skilled trades

b. in the mass production
industries

c. among farm workers

d. among the unemployed

Questions for Chapter 5 of
Howard Zinn

1. Howard Zinn questions
the conduct of the United States foreign policy as

a. fighting racism and
totalitarianism

b. defending the rights of
all peoples of the world

c. supporting the
self-determination of nations

d. all of the above

2. The actions of the
United States against fascism in the 1930s indicated that it would

a. not tolerate the
presence of fascism in any country of Western Europe

b. take a posture of
neutrality to fascism in Western Europe

c. go to war to protect the
Jews of Germany against anti-Semitism

d. not support the spread
of fascism in any way

3. According to Zinn

a. Roosevelt knew about
Pearl Harbor and didn’t tell

b. Roosevelt deliberately
provoked the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor

c. Roosevelt like to the
public about the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor for what he thought was a
right cause

d. Roosevelt, like the rest
of the country, was taken by surprise by the Japanese attack of Pearl Harbor

4. Before the war was over,
the administration

a. was planning the
outlines of the new international economic order

b. was unclear about what
should come after the war

c. was planning the
outlines for new democratic regimes for the peoples who had been under colonial
rule

d. was helping the
resistance movements in the third world draft constitutions similar to ours

5. During the war, the
government seized the property and put into internments camps

a. German-Americans

b. Italian-Americans

c. Japanese-Americans

d. Chinese-Americans

6. According to official
reports, Hiroshima was chosen as a target of the atomic bomb because it was

a. a military base

b. a high concentration of
activities and population

c. the home of the Japanese
Emperor

d. the source of kamakazi
raids on American troops

7. In the immediate
aftermath of the war, many countries, including the United States, experienced

a. a period of political
and social unrest b. peace for the first time in thirty years

c. increased prosperity and
social order

d. cooperation between
groups in society previously hostile to each other

8. Senator Joseph McCarthy
of Wisconsin spearheaded a drive in Congress to

a. fund the rebuilding of
Europe after the destruction of the Second World War

b. pass legislation to
improve the lives of working Americans

c. pass legislation
regulating immigration into the United States

d. root out all Communist
influence in every sector of American life and work

9. In the thirty years
after World War II, the United States

a. was able to reduce
military spending in favor of domestic programs

b. entered into a period of
a “permanent war economy” with a military budget reaching $80 billion

c. managed to increase
government spending for social programs while increasing the military budget

d. reduced economic aid to
foreign countries in favor of domestic spending

10. The Bay of Pigs
invasion of Cuba resulted in

a. a defeat for the
American-sponsored Cuban landing force

b. a web of lies and
misrepresentations told to the American people

c. serious questions about
freedom of the press d. all of the above

Quiz on Chapter 6 of Zinn

1. The poem, “Lenox Avenue
Mural”, was written by

a. Claude McKay

b. James Baldwin

c. Langston Hughes

d. Countee Cullen

2. In the 1930s, the
political party known to pay special attention to the problem of race equality

a. Democratic

b. Socialist

c. Republican

d. Communist

3. One of the keys to
America’s trying to solve its race problems after the Second World War was

a. the upsurge of militancy
in people of color around the world

b. the presidency of Harry
S Truman

c. the bus boycott in
Montgomery, Alabama

d. the Civil Rights Act
passed by Congress

4. In 1960, students in
North Carolina adopted a technique used by labor in the 1930s called

a. the sitdown strike

b. the general strike

c. non-violence

d. the boycott

5. Malcolm X accused Black
leaders of

a. following the directions
from the government in the marches on Washington

b. fomenting revolution

c. organizing a grass roots
movement

d. informing to the FBI

6. The National Advisory
Committee on Urban Disorders blamed the riots on

a. Black militants

b. White racism

c. Black racism

d. Communists

7. In the late 1960s, Huey
Newton and others formed a militant group called

a. the Black Panthers

b. the Black Muslims

c. SNCC

d. the Urban League

8. In the late 1960s,
Martin Luther King came under the scrutiny of

a. the KKK

b. the FBI

c. the Black Muslims

d. the Black Panthers

9. After the Detroit riots,
the new emphasis of the government became

a. civil rights legislation

b. “black capitalism”

c. voter registration

d. reverse racism

10. By the mid 1970s, the
Black movement had

a. grown increasingly in
numbers

b. become more militant

c. largely disappeared

d. turned to Black
nationalism

Quiz on Chapter 7 of Zinn

1. During the Second World
War, Vietnam was occupied by the

a. British

b. Americans

c. Japanese

d. Chinese

2. After the war, the major
powers took the position that

a. Vietnam should be an
independent country

b. they should divide the
country among themselves

c. Ho Chi Minh D. France
should be reinstate as the colonial power over Vietnam

3. In 1945 Ho Chi Minh

a. declared himself a
Communist and follower of Mao Tse Tung

b. adopted a Communist
regime after the model of the Soviet Union

c. declared independence
with a document based on the Declaration of Independence of the US

d. retreated to the North
to lead a revolution against the United States

4. The State Department
report on the history of colonialism in Vietnam was embodied in the

a. National Security Act

b. the Pentagon Papers

c. the Geneva Convention

d. all of the above

5. The Gulf of Tonkin
incident which served as the basis for U.S. involvement in Vietnam

a. was based on false
reports of North Vietnamese violation of international waters

b. revealed the interests
of Ho Chi Minh in going to war with the United States

c. was thoroughly explained
by Secretary of State Dean Rusk in television interviews

d. rallied the American
people around the war effort

6. The killing of innocent
people by American soldiers was reported in

a. Operation Phoenix

b. My Lai

c. The Village of Ben Suc

d. all of the above

7. The policy of President
Richard Nixon to Vietnam included

a. increasing the number of
American troops

b. secretly bombing
Cambodia

c. Operation Phoenix

d. the Pentagon Papers

8. According to Zinn,

a. the people against the
war were almost entirely middle class students

b. those advocating a tough
policy came most frequently from highly educated, high status groups

c. working people were most
likely to advocate a tough policy in Vietnam

d. the Civil Rights
movement ignored the war in Vietnam as an issue

9. By the early 1970s, one
of the most powerful anti-war voices came from

a. the military

b. the colleges

c. the factories

d. the media

10. American troops finally
left Vietnam in

a. 1970

b. 1972

c. 1973

d. 1975

Quiz on Chapter 8, Zinn

1. The feminist movement of
the 1960s led by Betty Friedan grew out of

a. a concern for the plight
of working class women

b. the sense of
dissatisfaction of middle class women with their restricted lives

c. socialist theory

d. a terrorist conspiracy

2. One response of poor
women to insufficient and inadequate resources was to

a. steal what they needed
from local stores

b. join a political party
to vote better politicians into office

c. bomb abortion clinics

d. organize neighborhood
self-help committees and actions

3. For many activists in
the 1960s, prisons represented

a. a solution to the rising
crime rate

b. an attempt at reform

c. a way for criminals to
find redemption and salvation

d. another example of
oppression and neglect aimed at a vulnerable population largely Black and
Latino

4. A major prison riot took
place in 1971 in New York

a. Sing Sing

b. Alcratraz

c. Attica

d. Soledad Prison

5. In the 1960s, prisoners
were

a. isolated from the events
of the world

b. willing to make statements
about the war in Vietnam and other current events

c. unwilling to make
statements about the war in Vietnam and other current events

d. consistently racist in
their activities

6. The 1887 Allotment Act

a. preserved what was left
of Indian land in communal land holdings for the tribe

b. tried to break up the
reservations into small plots of individually owned land

c. gave every Indian a 160
acre parcel to farm

d. triggered the massacre
at Wounded Knee

7. Members of the American
Indian Movement were involved in

a. the seizing of Alcatraz

b. the incident at Oglala

c. the awakening of Indian
consciousness

d. all of the above

8. Part of the cultural
expression of the 1960s was

a. the informality of dress

b. the widespread
experimentation in communal living

c. a revival of traditional
religion

d. body piercing

9. Another important target
of the protest generation was

a. the school system

b. abortion clinics

c. immigration

d. crime

10. Overall, the decade of
the 1960s was a “surprise” because

a. of the number and depth
of protests

b. in an era of prosperity,
it is rare to see so many protests

c. no one really had much
to complain about

d. American democracy
allows people to express their concerns through voting not rioting

Quiz on Chapter 9 of Zinn

1. In the early 1970s, the
system seemed out of control, according to Zinn, because of

a. the low level of popular
trust in the government

b. the assault on American
values by Communists

c. the conviction of Angela
Davis

d. popular outcry to send
troops to stop the spread of Communism in the world

2. Watergate began with the

a. election of Richard
Nixon for his second term of office

b. the break into the
offices of the Democratic National Committee

c. invasion of Cuba

d. toppling of a 500 foot
water tower by an anti-nuclear activist

3. The facts that came out
in testimony during the Watergate hearings involved the

a. CIA

b. FBI

c. taking of bribes by high
government officials

d. all of the above

4. After Watergate, foreign
policy

a. took a dramatic new
direction

b. remained the same

c. was more democratically
decided

d. broke with ties between
government and corporate interests

5. The significance of the
Mayaguez affair was that it

a. served as the excuse for
getting the United States into the war in Vietnam

b. ended the involvement of
Cambodia in Vietnamese affairs

c. brought Vietnamese
refugees to safety in the United States

d. showed that American
“will” had not been defeated by the Vietnam War

6. The Congressional
Committee led by Frank Church uncovered links between

a. the Soviet army and high
government officials in Washington

b. the CIA and Fidel Castro

c. the CIA and American
academics, including administrators, faculty members and graduate students

d. the Black Panther Party
and the Viet Cong

7. In the process of
removing a president

a. the matter is decided by
a Congressional Committee

b. the Chief Justice of the
Supreme Court issues a ruling

c. the House of
Representatives impeaches and the Senate tries the president

d. the Senate impeaches and
removes the president

8. In his speech to a
Business Council, Treasury Secretary William Simon expressed concern about

a. the morality of youth in
America

b. the work ethic of
immigrants

c. the distrust of the word
profit

d. the lack of investment
capital

9. The purpose of the
Trilateral Commission was to

a. study the effect of
increased popular participation on the ability of governments to control the
masses

b. propose new ways for
people to participate in government decision-making

c. form networks of people
to solve social problems

d. establish trade
relations between the United States, Germany and Japan

10. Zinn concludes that the
“very serious condition” mentioned by the Trilateral Commission was that

a. Germany and Japan were
overtaking the United States in manufacturing and trade

b. social problems were not
being solved in the United States

c. too many people did not
vote in elections

d. the greatest threat to
Capitalism was revolutionary movements in the Third World

Quiz on Chapter 14 of Zinn

1. According to Zinn, the
differences between Bush and Gore in the 2000 election were evident in their

a. health care plans

b. position on the death
penalty

c. support of the military
establishment

d. none of the above

2. The third-party
candidate, Ralph Nader, was

a. supported by big
business

b. shut out of national
media campaigning

c. without a national
reputation

d. a communist

3. The election of 2000 was
determined by

a. the House of
Representatives because no one got a clear majority of electoral votes

b. the popular vote in the
country

c. the Supreme Court in a
5-4 vote for George W. Bush

d. the electors of the
state of Florida

4. The United States
Supreme Court’s ruling was that

a. the Florida Supreme Court
had the right to rule on the electors within the state

b. any recount of ballots
in Florida would violate the Constitutional requirement of privileges and
immunity

c. any recount of ballots
in Florida would violate the Constitutional requirement of equal protection

d. the a failure to have a
uniform standard of counting could only be remedied by a new election

5. After the election,
according to Zinn,

a. the Democrats took a
firm position against both the Bush foreign policy and domestic policy

b. Bush pushed for tax cuts
for the wealthy, strict environmental regulations and a bigger military budget

c. the Democrats had little
opposition to either Bush’s foreign or domestic policies

d. Bush moved to privatize
social security and end the Star Wars program

6. When Bush declared a
“war on terrorism.”

a. Congress invoked the War
Powers Act which limited the President’s power to send troops into war

b. Congress was divided
along party lines in its support of actions in Afghanistan

c. Bush ordered the bombing
of Afghanistan which had an immediate effect on the number of terrorists

d. his objective was to
apprehend Osama bin Laden and destroy Al Qaeda

7. In the immediate
aftermath of 9/11, Congress passed

a. the Alien and Sedition
Acts

b. the National Security
Act

c. the Strategic Defense
Act

d. the USA PATRIOT Act

8. Critics of the bombing
campaign argued that terrorism was rooted in grievances such as

a. the stationing of troops
in Saudi Arabia

b. ten years of sanctions
against Iraq which resulted in hundreds of thousands of deaths

c. U.S. economic and
political support of Israeli occupation of Palestinian land

d. all of the above

9. Zinn attributes the
failure to change from a war to a peace policy to

a. the military-industrial
complex which dominates both political parties

b. the failure of diplomacy

c. continued terrorist
attacks and threats of attacks on the United States

d. a few misguided
political leaders

10. In assessing this final
chapter, Zinn has

a. persuaded you of the
connections between politics and big business interests

b. not persuaded you of the
connections between politics and big business interests

c. convinced you that the
democratic principle of the Declaration of Independence depends on the people

d. convinced you that the
democratic principle depends on the government

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