The purpose of an information system’s ________ component is generating the most useful type of information for making decisions.
Management information system’s (MIS) ________ include programs developed in-house.
Microsoft Access is an example of ________ in an information system.
database management system
knowledge base management system
A typical PDA includes a(n) ________.
The output of an information system is ________.
Transistor was the major technology used during the _______ generation of hardware.
In a(n) _______ file, each alphabetic, numeric, or special character is represented with a 7-bit binary number.
Computers and communication systems use ________ to represent and transfer information between computers and network systems.
Optical character reader (OCR)
Magnetic ink character recognition (MICR)
________ is a function performed by control programs that controls the transfer of data among parts of a computer system, such as exchange of information between the CPU and I/O devices.
A _______ is the size of a character.
A(n) _______ is a type of memory that stores data sequentially.
Data in a data warehouse can be differentiated from data in a database in that the former _______.
captures raw transaction data
is used for capturing and managing transactions
comes from a variety of sources
only keeps recent activity in memory
The _______ approach to setting up a distributed DBMS combines fragmentation and replication.
Which of the following is true of a database?
Complex requests can be difficult to handle.
More storage space is required.
Programs and data are interdependent.
More information can be generated from the same data.
_______ gives users subtotals of various categories.
A _______ key uniquely identifies every record in a relational database.
A _______ operation searches data in a table and retrieves records based on certain criteria.
A database _______ is responsible for data storage, manipulation, and retrieval.
_______ has created decency concerns, because these e-mails often contain explicit language or nudity.
In the context of the important concepts regarding Web and network privacy, _______ refers to issues involving both the user’s and the organization’s responsibilities and liabilities.
You make two copies of a software package you just bought for personal use, in case the original software fails and you need a backup. This action is ________.
illegal and unethical
legal but unethical
illegal but ethical
legal and ethical
In the context of the important concepts regarding Web and network privacy, ________is a method for binding all the parties to a contract.
Dell, Microsoft, and Unisys Corporation created a partnership to design a voting system for several U.S. states. This is an example of _______.
the digital divide
a virtual organization
Which of the following is a type of access control?
_______ are usually placed in front of a firewall and can identify attack signatures and trace patterns.
Intrusion detection systems
Physical security measures Biometric security measures
Which of the following is a physical security measure?
_______ security measures use a physiological element to enhance security measures.
A(n) _______ is often used so remote users have a secure connection to the organization’s network.
biometric security system
intrusion detection system
virtual private network
terminal resource network
A _______ travels from computer to computer in a network, but it does not usually erase data.
_______ are computer security experts who specialize in penetration testing and other testing methods to ensure that a company’s information systems are secure.
The amount of data that can be transferred from one point to another in one second is called _______.
The Transmission Control Protocol (TCP) operates at the OSI model’s _______ layer.
The _______ layer of the OSI model serves as the window through which applications access network services.
Network Data link
The _______ topology is costly and difficult to maintain and expand.
The most common n-tier architecture involves _______ tiers.
A(n) ____ is an electronic audio file that is posted on the Web for users to download to their mobile devices or computers.
Which of the following protocols is used for retrieving messages?
A(n) ____ is the address of a document or site on the Internet.
The Federal Express Tracking System allows customers to enter a package’s tracking number and locate any package still in the system as well as prepare and print shipping forms, get tracking numbers, and schedule pickups. Federal Express is an example of a(n) ____.
A(n) ____ is a journal or newsletter that is updated frequently and intended for the general public.