the-fact-that-prisons-have-inmates-locked-within-their-walls-10

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21. What was the most widely used device or
legislation to bring prisoners’ complaints before state and federal courts in
the late 1960s?

a.

The Eighth Amendment’s
prohibition on cruel and unusual punishment

b.

The dictates of the Percy
Amendment

c.

The National Corrections Act of
1965

d.

The Federal Civil Rights Act,
42 U.S.C. 1983

22. Courts have ruled that inmates are entitled to have legal
materials and resources available to assist them in filing complaints, this
includes?

a.

A
trained and bar certified lawyer employed by prison/jail

b.

Law students who are willing to donate their
time to assist inmates

c.

A
Law professor from a local school who is paid to assist inmates

d.

An
inmate who can assist in legal matters, sometime called a jailhouse lawyer

23. Which case forced corrections department to
upgrade prison medical facilities?

a.

Procunier v. Martinez

b.

Nolan v. Fitzpatrick

c.

Newman v. Alabama

d.

Bounds v. Smith

24. Withholding medical treatment is a violation
of the ____ Constitutional Amendment.

a.

First

b.

Fourth

c.

Eighth

d.

Fourteenth

25. In recent years, the view of correctional
officers has changed to;

a.

One where they have the most
dangerous job in the U.S.

b.

One where they are seen as
ruthless that enjoys their power

c.

One where they are viewed as
public servants

d.

none of the above

26. Which of the following statements is false
about the effectiveness of parole?

a.

More than half of incarcerated
offenders return to prison shortly after their release.

b.

Rearrest of offenders is most
common in the first six months after release.

c.

60 percent of parolees return
to prison within three years of their release.

d.

The failure rate of parolees
has dramatically decreased over the past ten years.

27. Which of the following factors has been
linked to recidivism?

a.

A history of physical and
sexual abuse

b.

Maintenance of criminal peer
association

c.

Harboring of aggressive
feelings

d.

All of these have been linked
to recidivism.

28. Which of the following is a NOT a right that
is lost by convicted felons?

a.

The right to remain married
(divorce can be granted to the spouse)

b.

The right to hold public office

c.

Parental rights

d.

Medical rights

29. In which 1994 case did the court rule that
prison officials are legally liable if, knowing that an inmate faces a serious
risk of harm, they disregard that risk by failing to take measures to avoid or
reduce it?

a.

Cooper v. Pate

b.

Shaw v. Murphy

c.

Estelle v. Gamble

d.

Farmer v. Brennan

30. Which of the following is not believed to be
a reason that people fail on parole?

a.

Parolees are released into the
same environment which contributed to their deviant behavior in the first
place.

b.

Personal deficits that led to
an offender’s imprisonment are not addressed by institutionalization.

c.

The prison experience itself
focuses more on punitive efforts than rehabilitation.

d.

The parole system places
unrealistic expectations on ex-offenders that they cannot possibly meet.

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