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11. What is another term that retribution
advocates use to describe the concept of blameworthiness?

a.

Recidivism

b.

Just deserts

c.

Specific deterrence

d.

Severity

12. Which punishment philosophy holds that
criminal sentences should be proportional to the seriousness of the criminal
act?

a.

Just desert

b.

General deterrence

c.

Incapacitation

d.

Restitution

13. Approximately _____ of the states have
three-strikes laws but nearly ____ of them require the third felony be a
serious one.

a.

1/4 ; one half

b.

1/2 ; all

c.

3/4 ; none

d.

all of ; one quarter

14. A fixed term of incarceration is called
what?

a.

An indeterminate sentence

b.

A determinate sentence

c.

A mandatory minimum

d.

A fixed term

15. Who determines the actual length of
incarceration in the indeterminate sentence?

a.

Judge

b.

Prosecutor and the defense
attorney

c.

State legislature

d.

Correctional agency and the
judge

16. “Let the sentence fit the
criminal” best describes the basic philosophy of:

a.

determinate sentencing.

b.

mandatory minimums.

c.

fixed terms.

d.

indeterminate sentencing.

17. Who has final say in the duration of the
offender’s prison stay in the determinate sentence?

a.

Prosecutor

b.

Parole board

c.

Judge

d.

Correctional authority

18. In the case of Blakely v. Washington,
the Court found that Washington
state’s sentencing guidelines were in violation of the ____ Amendment.

a.

Fourth

b.

Fifth

c.

Sixth

d.

Eighth

19. Which of the following is not one of the
goals of sentencing guidelines?

a.

To prioritize and allocate
correctional resources

b.

To reduce prison crowding

c.

To increase judicial discretion

d.

To establish
truth-in-sentencing

20. This gives the
victim the opportunity to tell of their experiences and describe their ordeal.

a.
deterrence hearing

b.
victim impact statement

c.
victim sentencing inquiry

d.
none of these

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