what-was-the-most-common-state-administered-punishment-in-5th-century-6

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Chapter 9

MULTIPLE
CHOICE

1. What was the most common
state-administered punishment in 5th century Roman civilization?

a.

Mutilation

b.

Burning at the stake

c.

Banishment (exile)

d.

Flogging

2. What term was adopted in 12th
century to refer to a breach of faith with one’s feudal lord?

a.

Lex talionis

b.

Felonia

c.

Sucor disco

d.

Mala prohibitum

3. What was the principle factor that shaped
the punishment of criminals in the sixteenth century?

a.

The spread of the black plague
and the social hysteria that came with it

b.

The shift from a stable to a
wandering nomadic way of life

c.

Sharp increases in the crime
rate

d.

The changing labor markets that
stemmed from urbanization and colonization

4. Poor laws were developed in England
at the end of the ____ century.

a.

9th

b.

11th

c.

14th

d.

16th

5. What was the final fate of convicts
transported to North America or Australia
once their period of service was completed in the colonies?

a.

They were executed.

b.

They were granted pardons to
gain their freedom.

c.

They were returned to Europe to complete a term of imprisonment.

d.

They were never released from
servitude.

6. What event ended the transportation of
felons to North America?

a.

The American Revolution

b.

The philosophical writings of
the Enlightenment

c.

Publication of The Fatal
Shore

d.

Passage of the Humanitarian Act
in Parliament

7. By punishing an offender severely as an
example to others achieves the goal of:

a.

general deterrence.

b.

rehabilitation .

c.

specific deterrence.

d.

incapacitation.

8. Sentencing for the purpose of general
deterrence has most to do with:

a.

changing the offender’s future
behavior through fear.

b.

modifying the social environment
from which the offender came.

c.

affecting the perception of the
general public.

d.

determining the proportionality
of the sentence.

9. Using mandatory life sentences so
criminals cannot hurt other citizens is the core goal of what?

a.

Restitution

b.

Incapacitation

c.

Retribution

d.

General deterrence

10. Which goal of sentencing attempts to
convince the criminal through punishment that future crime would not be in
their own future best interests?

a.

General deterrence

b.

Retribution

c.

Specific deterrence

d.

Incapacitation

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