when-did-the-concept-of-incarcerating-convicted-offenders-as-a-form-of-punishment-6

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Chapter 11

MULTIPLE CHOICE

1. When did the concept of incarcerating
convicted offenders as a form of punishment become the norm for corrections?

a.

During biblical times

b.

14th century

c.

17th century

d.

19th century

2. Where were the English forced to house
large numbers of prisoners in the late eighteenth century?

a.

In the ancient Le Stinche
prison

b.

In the basement of Westminster
Abbey

c.

In abandoned coal and copper
mines

d.

On prison hulks and barges

3. The “modern” American
correctional system had its origin in what state?

a.

New York

b.

Pennsylvania

c.

New Jersey

d.

Massachusetts

4. What group formed the Philadelphia Society
for Alleviating the Miseries of Public Prisons?

a.

Buddhists

b.

Catholics

c.

Quakers

d.

Mormons

5. The Pennsylvania
system in corrections,was the first to take the radical step of what?:

a.

Creating a specific gang
intervention program

b.

Creating dormitory type spaces
for inmates to stay

c.

Placing each inmate in a single
cell

d.

Placed inmates in pre-release
work

6. Which prison system was known as the
congregate system?

a.

New Jersey system

b.

Auburn system

c.

Pennsylvania system

d.

Newbern system

7. What was the key to discipline in the Auburn system?

a.

Flogging

b.

Branding

c.

Prayer and penitence

d.

Silence confinement

8. What is the name for the system that
allowed prison officials to sell the labor of inmates to private businesses?

a.

Property in service system

b.

Guardian system

c.

Contract system

d.

Convict-lease system

9. The “modern” American correctional concept
has its origin under the leadership of?

a.

William Penn

b.

George Washington

c.

Alexander Machonochie

d.

Cesare Beccarria

10. The major similarity between the Pennsylvania and the Auburn
system was?

a.

Penitence and prayer

b.

Group or congregate work

c.

Tiered cells

d.

Silent, harsh punishment

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