which-of-the-following-is-a-pretrial-procedure-5

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11. What is another term for an indictment
issued by a grand jury?

a.

True bill

b.

No bill

c.

Nolo contendere

d.

Nolle prosequi

12. To stand trial, a criminal defendant must be
considered to be ?.

a.

Guilty beyond reasonable doubt

b.

Mentally Competent

c.

Pro se

d.

Willing to challenge for cause

13. What procedure is often used as an
alternative to the grand jury?

a.

The initial hearing

b.

The arraignment

c.

The preliminary hearing

d.

The criminal trial

14. Which of the following is a common reason
for a defendant to waive the preliminary hearing?

a.

He/she has already decided to
plead guilty.

b.

He/she wants to speed up the
criminal justice process.

c.

He/she hopes to avoid the
negative publicity that might result from the hearing.

d.

All of these

15. It is unlikely that plea bargaining will be
eliminated in the future because it:

a.

ensures even-handed justice in
the system.

b.

eases the pressure of congested
caseloads.

c.

encourages defendants to waive
their rights.

d.

results in sentencing
disparity.

16. What state completely eliminated plea
bargaining in 1975?

a.

Alaska

b.

Oregon

c.

Indiana

d.

Alabama

17. Which of the following is an advantage of
diversion programs?

a.

It allows the offender to
postpone prison/jail time until diversion completion

b.

Rehabilitation services can be
accessed while in the community.

c.

The cost is higher but so is
the success rate

d.

diversion allows the inmate out
of their cell for longer lengths of time

18. Which of the following statements is false
regarding diversion programs?

a.

There is no court supervision
of these programs.

b.

Offenders are placed in
diversion programs before their formal trial or conviction.

c.

Pretrial diversion programs are
intended to encourage community treatment participation by the offender.

d.

Restitution may be part of a
diversion program.

19. If an individual is permitted a trial, who
chooses whether it will be before a judge or a jury?

a.

Prosecutor

b.

Defendant

c.

Judge

d.

Court administrator

20. The _____ Amendment contains the
confrontation clause.

a.

First

b.

Fourth

c.

Sixth

d.

Fourteenth

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