April 30, 2014
Smoking Cigarette Should be Banned in the
There are approximately 6 trillion cigarettes produced
globally each year. Over one billion people smoke these cigarettes. That is at
least a sixth of the world population. Cigarette addiction is equated to
addiction to heroin. That makes cigarettes one of the most dangerous substances
in human history. Many countries have been making progress in reducing smoking
rates. These countries have employed various methods to discourage people from
smoking like increasing tax on cigarettes, banning cigarette advertising and
reducing of smoking zones among others. However, despite all these attempts to
curb the rate of smoking, smokers continue to smoke. There are laws that
require cigarette manufacturers to include a sign warning smokers that smoking
is harmful to health. This warning is actually supposed to occupy at least more
than help of the cigarette packet (Solomon 106). However, smokers still
overlook all those warning and smoke their cigarettes without any worries about
their health, their surroundings, environment or the people around them. This
paper will argue why cigarette smoking should be banned.
One of the reasons why cigarette smoking should be banned is
because of their addiction. According to research, cigarettes kill about six
million people every year globally. This number will continue to grow as long
as cigarettes are legal. Even though cigarette smoking is steadily dropping,
according to statistics, by the end of this century, that is 2100, about 300
million people will have died because of smoking or smoking associated deaths.
Cigarettes are flawed products and it kills at least more than half of its long
term users. The reason cigarettes are defective is because of the fact that
they are made in a way that they produce inhalable smoking which people smoke.
That is like ingesting poison when you know too well that you are taking
poison. The cigarettes are addictive by purpose. The United States Food and
Drug Administration has within its powers to require all cigarette
manufacturers to reduce the nicotine in cigarettes to a level that will not be
highly addictive. This is not hard thing to achieve considering that the
alkaloid in cigarettes is soluble in water. In the 19th century, Philip Morris
constructed a full industry to make cigarettes which had nicotine reduced by 97
Another reason why there is need to ban smoking is because
of the fact that the illnesses caused by tobacco and cigarette smoking are a
burden to families of the affected people as well as hospitals and government.
Whenever someone gets sick because of cigarette smoking, there will be
financial burden on the private and public treasuries because of the cost of
treating diseases caused by smoking. Research has also established that
cigarette smoking reduces labor productivity. This can lead to poor financial
status. Studies have established that smoking makes the world poorer and poorer
According to Singer cigarette industry is a large and
powerful industry that has been corrupting the science world by conducting
botched experiments to prove that cigarettes are not as harmful as people are
told. The cigarettes industry is also known to sponsor decoy research which is
meant to distract actual research from taking place. This industry also
manipulates the media such as newspapers and magazines that depend on adverts
placed on their media. This naturally gives the cigarette industries an upper
hand. Tobacco industries are also known to bully, exploit, or corrupt countless
institutions which try to censor or expose information that might hurt their
sales. For instance, the tobacco industries interfered with attempts by the
United States Navy to go smoke-free (Solomon 184). Another instance of bullying
institutions was when President Lyndon refused to sign a report concerning
tobacco because he feared that the tobacco friendly south might alienate him or
withdraw their support for his presidency.
Smoking is considered a public health hazard. Although
nowadays there are public smoking areas in many cities and towns, there are
some smokers who still smoke in public. That means that the people around him
during that time are secondhand smokers. Among the chemicals that one inhales
as a secondhand smoker, 70 of them cause cancer. There are at least 3000 deaths
in the United States from secondhand smoking. According to a report by a
surgeon, there is a 20 to 30 per cent of developing lung cancer if one live
with a smoker. Exposure to secondhand smoke can also lead to coronary heart
diseases and it also affects blood vessels. Secondhand smoke causes 46000
deaths every year. Exposing pregnant women to second hand smoke might lead them
to have babies with lower weight as compared to women who were not exposed to
secondhand smoke. Among the children, secondhand smoke causes ear infections,
wheezing and coughing, severe asthma attacks and frequent respiratory illnesses
(Proctor 4). Some people might argue that banning public smoking might solve
this, but the only thing that might solve this problem for good is completely
banning cigarette smoking.
Although the smoke given out is small and it does not cause
much harm to the environment, there are other processes and by products pose a
serious danger to the environment. Growing tobacco does not use much resources
from the soil, however when the tobacco leaves are picked and they start to be
processed that is when the problems start. First of all, many forest covers and
manhattans have been cleared so that people can plant tobacco. Secondly,
processing tobacco to produce the cigarettes emits a lot of greenhouse gases
into the atmosphere. For instance, China produces the 40 per cent of the
world’s cigarettes and they use coal to cure the tobacco leaves. This emits
lots of greenhouse gases into the atmosphere. Another way in which cigarette
manufacturing affects the environment is the massive amounts of pesticides that
are used to ensure that the tobacco leaves are perfect. Another problem with
cigarettes is the fact that they do not biodegrade. Depending on the climatic
conditions of a certain area, they may take almost fifteen years to biodegrade.
In each ear, there are about 4.5 trillion cigarette butts littered around. That
makes cigarette butts about 25 per cent of the world’s total garbage. There is
no other type of waste that is as much as cigarette butts.
Another reason that cigarette smoking should be banned is
the fact that majority of the people who smoke hate smoking. Most smokers hate
that they smoke and most of them wish that they could quit. They also
understand that cigarettes are not recreational drugs. That implies that
cigarettes cannot be compared to marijuana or alcohol. According to research,
only about 15 per cent of the people who take alcohol become alcoholics while
about 80 per cent of smokers become addicted to smoking (Goldberg 275).
Majority of people enjoy smoking just because smoking helps relieve the craving
going away as well as relieving the pain of withdrawal.
However, on the other hand there are arguments that smoking
should not be banned. There are many arguments that have been brought forward.
One of these arguments is that tobacco and cigarettes manufacturing forms the
backbone of many communities. In areas where there are massive tobacco farms
and cigarette manufacturing industries, the economy of that area relies on
tobacco and cigarettes. Therefore, banning smoking will lead to closing down of
cigarette industries. The closing down of these industries will leave tobacco
farmers with nowhere to sell their products. Secondly, the people employed by
the cigarette industries will be jobless. Research has shown that majority of
people employed by cigarette industries are low skilled workers and the skills
they possess are not transferable. Therefore, banning cigarette smoking will
lead to massive job losses and huge loss of tax to the government.
Another argument associated with banning smoking is
encouraging smuggling. There are millions of Americans who are addicted to
nicotine. In case cigarette smoking was banned, the smugglers and drug cartels
would take it as golden chance to start smuggling cigarettes from countries
that are still manufacturing cigarettes. Although smuggling is still rampant
all over the world, banning smoking would make it worse. Considering the fact
that cigarettes have serious addiction, smuggling of cigarettes can overtake
smuggling of other drugs combined into the United States (Goldberg 289). For
instance, after smoking was banned in Ireland, smuggling almost tripled. This
would eventually cost the United States more money fighting smugglers at the
borders in addition to the loss of taxes from cigarette industries.
Goldberg, Raymond. Drugs across the Spectrum. Hoboken, NJ:
John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
Proctor, Robert. Tobacco and the global lung cancer
epidemic. Nat Rev Cancer, 1:82–7.
Singer, Peter. Should We Ban Cigarettes? Project Syndicate.
11th November, 2011. Web.
Solomon, Jack. Signs of Life: Readings on Popular Culture in
the USA. Cambridge, MA:
Harvard University Press. 2011. Print